Giải đề Writing ngày 28/9/2020


Task 1:

The maps describe the change of a park from 1980 to now.

The maps illustrate how a park changed between 1980 and the present.

In 1980, a road on which people put two gates ran from the South side of the park, and then bent towards the West side of it. However, now, the park has no gate to allow free access, and more roads from the North and East have been added to converge roughly at the center of the park. On the West edge of the park, the pond and benches surrounding it remained almost the same through the time, but the flower area in the South-West corner has been replaced by a bush.

In the East of the park, the flower garden has been remove to make way for a playground. Meanwhile in the North- East corner, the area where there used to be only trees now has been partially cleared for setting  up picnic facilities like chairs, desk, and barbecue.

Overall, the maps reveals developments of the park in terms of better access, and more facilities for entertainment. (170 words)


Task 2:

Fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas are the main energy source for many countries. However, some nations are using alternative energy such as solar power, or wind power. To what extent do you think this is a positive or negative development?

The development of renewable energies like wind power, wave power, or solar energy to replace the electricity generated from burning fossil fuels has become an increasingly popular trend in the world. I believe this is a green movement in the energy sector with countless benefits that people should welcome.

The most palpable advantage (lợi ích rõ ràng) one can recognize at once when mentioning renewable energies is that they reduce the burden (gánh nặng) on the environment. The use of solar power creates no emission at all, and thus provides for the need of power at almost no environmental cost. It is similarly clean and sustainable (bền vững) when wind, wave, and water moving around the Earth eternally can be used in energy production.  Also, the independence from fossil fuels in electricity generation saves the world from a rapid depletion (sự cạn kiệt) of coal, oil and natural gases, and slow down the imminent energy crisis (khủng hoảng năng lượng sắp tới) which may even cause wars over energy sources among countries.

Moreover, the production of green energy also benefits individuals and the country as a whole. Thanks to less burning of fossil fuels in thermal energy plants, (nhà máy nhiệt điện) workers in energy companies face less risks of occupational health problems (bệnh nghề nghiệp) especially those related to respiratory diseases (bệnh hô hấp) and may lead to early death. On the large scale of a country, the utilization (việc sử dụng) of wind, wave, sunlight, and even geothermal heat (địa nhiệt) to produce electricity will diversify the energy portfolio (tập hợp các lựa chọn năng lượng) of different nations, making them free from reliance on limited natural resources (tài nguyên thiên nhiên) to generate electricity due to their unfavourable geographical locations. (vị trí địa lý không thuận lợi)

In conclusion, the movement of the world towards more use of renewable energy is completely positive when it solves multiple problems of environmental pollution, dependence on natural resources for energy, and poor health of workers in thermal power plants. (289 words)

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