Giải đề Writing ngày 10/10/2020

ĐỀ WRITING NGÀY 10/10/2019

Task 1:

The charts give information about the percentage of the world’s forests and timber in five different regions.

The pie charts describe the distribution of forests in five regions and their timber production.

As is shown in the first pie chart, Africa has the largest forest area, occupying 27% of the world forests while the most modest forest coverage is found in Asia with only 14%. North America comes second in the list with their green zone amounting to a quarter of the world forest followed quite distantly by Europe and South America with the percentages being 18% and 16% respectively.

According to the second pie chart, the highest proportion of world timber is taken from North American forests, which contribute 30% of the total global production. In contrast, the most modest timber output is registered for Africa, at only 9%. The figures for South America, Europe, and Asia are 23%, 20% and 18% correspondingly.

In general, although North and South America do not make up the majority of the forest area in the world, they produce more than 50% of the total timber. Meanwhile, African forests are the most unproductive in the timber production despite their large area. (181 words)

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Task 2:

In some countries, small town-centre shops are going out of business because people tend to drive to large out-of-town stores. As a result, people without cars have limited access to out-of-town stores, and it may result in an increase in the use of cars. Do you think the disadvantages of this change outweigh its advantages?

People tend to favour out-of-town shopping centers over downtown shops (thích sth hơn sth else) in many parts of the world. I believe that although this phenomenon has brought palpable demerits, (hạn chế rõ ràng) it still has more benefits to offer.

On the one hand, the downside of the issue is the result of the greater driving distance. Instead of having a short drive to the city center, now urban dwellers (người thành thị) have to commute to the outskirts, (vùng ngoại ô) taking more time to reach their favourite shops. Besides, it does cause problems for people who do not own cars but have to rely on family members’ driving or public transport to go to those far-away shopping venues. (những điểm mua sắm) They may find their drivers busy or the bus stops too far from their homes to allow them to walk and carry all of their purchases (những thứ mua được) back from the shopping center. Even worse, placing shops far from the city center will oblige (bắt buộc) everyone to hit the road and drive the distance very frequently, which increases the use of cars and also greenhouse gas emission. (sự phát thải khí nhà kính)

However, the relocation of shops in less populated suburbs (những vùng ngoại ô thưa dân hơn) also proves to be very worth doing. First, those shopping facilities will attract people to come and reside (định cư) around them, and thus ease the over-population in city centers. This, as a result, helps alleviate traffic congestions, (giảm kẹt xe) air pollution, and noise pollution in the downtown. (trung tâm thành phố) In new locations, shopping centers and shops have more land to accommodate spacious parking lot, and remove the frustration of driving around to find an expensive and rare private parking facility or having to hurry up their shopping to meet the time allowance in controlled parking zones. Moreover, it seems that travelling far to shop increase the car use and air pollution; however, going at a steady speed on the broad highway to shops can even produce less exhaust gases, (khí thải động cơ) consume less fuel, and cause less stress than getting stuck in traffic jams in traffic hot spots in the city center.

In conclusion, although moving shopping centers far away from the downtown area seems to have both positive and negative aspects, I still lean more on the bright side, (thiên nhiều hơn về mặt tốt) believing that those centers have improved population distribution and solved numerous problems of cosmopolitan cities (thành phố lớn) is inarguable. (370 words)

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