Giải đề Writing ngày 14/10/2019

ĐỀ WRITING NGÀY 14/10/2019

 Task 1:

The table gives information about annual salaries of five employment sectors in Australia in 2006.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.v

The table illustrates yearly remuneration of Australian workers of five sectors in terms of maximum, minimum and average salaries in 2006.

As is shown in the table, sales sector offered the most attractive top salary of 216,000 Australian dollars per year while the incomes for Education and travel sectors had very modest figures of 69,000 and 67,000 dollars correspondingly. Maximum payment for engineering was the second highest at 145,000 dollars, while that for IT and telecommunication ranked third at around 100,000 dollars per year.

As for minimum yearly salaries, salespeople received the lowest payment, making the income gap between the top performers and the low achievers in this career the greatest of all in the table. Meanwhile, engineers enjoyed the highest figure in their paycheck (38,500 dollars) followed closely by the minimum salary of those working in the IT and telecommunication sector (38,000 dollars). Teachers and tourism personnel received less than half of their maximum income for lowest paid positions with 33,000 and 32,000 dollars.

When it comes to average yearly income, Australian engineers were paid the most (80,000 dollars), and IT and telecommunication staff came second with 79,000 dollars. Sales salary stood at the third position with 70,000 dollars, leaving Education and travel at the bottom of the list with just 50,000 and 45,000 dollars respectively.

Overall, the most well-paid jobs in Australia in 2006 belonged to engineering as well as IT and telecommunication sectors, while jobs in education, and especially in travel sector were lowest paid in all three aspects of salaries mentioned.

Task 2:

Human activities have had a negative impact on plants and animals around the world. Some people say that it is too late to do something, while others think that actions can be taken to improve the situation. Discuss both sides of the view and give your opinion.

The damage people have brought to the flora and fauna of the Mother Nature is now clearer than ever before. Some assert that nothing can be done any more to improve this situation while others believe that people should take actions to save the natural world. This essay clarifies these two views and point out that individual actions do count in the fight against the devastation (sự tàn phá) of animals and plants.

Some feel it is too late to repair the damage humans have caused to animals and plants. Indeed, the species like the Dodo birds, or the Tasmanian tigers have become extinct somehow due to human indirect actions causing climate change or direct poaching. For these animals, the only way to bring them back to Earth is turning back the hand of time, which only exists in fairy tales. Moreover, the melting of the polar ice caps pushes polar bears into starvation (sự đói) and walruses (sư tử biển) into losing their habitats. The rising level of the oceans also leads to millions of acres of land submerged in or salinized by sea water, which reduces the area for fresh water plants to grow. This consequence of global warming and the land clearance for urban expansion have destroyed the flora of the Earth, but they are, unfortunately, irreversible.

However, some believe that actions can be taken to protect the environment. For example, if more serious actions in education and law enforcement (hành pháp, thực thi pháp luật) had been taken to prevent arsonists (kẻ phóng hỏa) in Australia in 2019, then the bushfire in the country would not be so catastrophic (thảm họa) as it is now to kill over 500 million of animals and drive some to extinction. Likewise, if people stop buying smuggled wood or furniture from companies that do not have forest certification, (chứng chỉ rừng) then over-logging (khai thác gỗ quá mức) or deforestation would not happen. As for animal protection, if people stop consuming rhinoceros’ horns, elephants’ tusks, or leopards’ fur, these animals would not be at risk. Therefore, if actions are taken against such problems as arson, wood smuggling, and the use of endangered animals’ parts, animals and plants can be saved.

In conclusion, some may feel pessimistic that the damage done to the natural world is irreparable; however, I believe that actions in education, law, and environmentally friendly consumers’ decisions can help curb (chặn đứng) numerous problems. (about 370 words)

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