Giải đề Viết IELTS ngày 30 tháng 11, 2019



The charts show countries of origins of people living in Australia and where they live in the country.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main information and make comparisons where relevant.

The pie chart illustrates the percentage of people who live in Australia according to their countries of origin and the table indicates the distribution of these people in urban and rural areas in the nation.

As can be seen from the pie chart, the greatest proportion of Australian citizens (73%) were born in Australia. The second highest number is recorded as aggregated (tổng) percentage for other countries, 14%. Also, British immigrants account for 7% of Australian population while the figures for the Dutch, Chinese, and New Zealanders range from 1% to 3%.
According to the table, almost all Chinese live in cities when they come to Australia while around only 80% of people from New Zealand chose to settle down in municipal areas. This leaves only 1% of people from China and 20% of people born in the Netherlands residing in the outback (nông thôn). As for people born in Australia, China, and New Zealand, the population distribution range from 83% to 90% in cities and the remaining proportions in the countryside.

Overall, immigrants to Australia constitute just over a quarter of the country’s population, and most of them chose to be city dwellers. (189 words)


People think that countries should produce food for their population and import as little food as possible. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Food production is a matter of not only national security but also quality of life for citizens. Some assert that nations should grow crops to feed their population and limit as much as possible their food import. In my opinion, heading to a more self-sufficient food supply is the pathway to sustainable development, but it is not always the case for every nation.

On the one hand, the self-supply of most food for a population has numerous merits for society. Indeed, aiming at producing and maintaining adequate food source independently from other countries should be the top priority for national food security (an ninh lương thực). Also, the domestic food supply will put international flights and long haul sea voyage (chuyến đi biển dài) to transport foodstuff into little use or even disuse (put sth into disuse). This helps reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases and thus mitigate global warming. Moreover, citizens of each country can enjoy local staples which are fresh and at hand at lower prices thanks to reduced transportation cost and no import tariff.

However, putting a limit on food import works at different extents for different countries. For agricultural nations, their food production is usually in excess of (nhiều hơn) their demand, so they can easily fill their granaries and shops’ food stock while still having some for export. However, for countries which do not have much arable land like those in the Gulf region, maintaining that self-supply of food is irrational. Also, because of the discrepancies in the climate and soil in different regions of the world, some crops will be bountiful in some countries but scarce or even non-existential in others. That is why the cross-border trading of food is always necessary, and imported food sources can be very crucial for some nations which may consider the more the better.

In conclusion, it ensures social sustainable development when enhancing national security, saving the environment, and keeping food price down in one country if citizens have enough domestically produced food; however, whether or not realizing this goal and putting a cap on (giới hạn) food import is good depends on conditions of each country. (343 words)

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